The past two years have highlighted the importance of the resilience of public organizations and systems to ensure collective recovery in the aftermath of crises. In this regard, government departments and agencies have a dual responsibility: the organizational responsibility to be resilient in maintaining and adapting their work organization, operations and services to the public, and the societal responsibility to support the resilience of different sectors of activity, including through the development and adoption of renewed public policies, to ensure the proper functioning of the economy and society. In order to present the state of the science on resilience, Marie-Christine Therrien was invited to the Cercle de la haute fonction publique du Québec at the end of February. She then gave a lecture to more than 100 senior officials in Quebec. The conference aimed to answer the following questions. What is a resilient organization? What are the key findings and lessons learned from crises such as the pandemic? What are the levers and barriers to resilience? How does resilience, as a strategic concept, strengthen and broaden capacity for action? How can we build on resilience to improve practices and continually change our organization and public policies?