Urban
Resilience
Governance

Resources

The Cité-ID LivingLab is first and foremost composed of academic researchers focused on urban resilience. This section provides links to resources and references on a variety of subjects related to urban resilience and its implementation. These documents are geared to a variety of readers.

Nov 27, 2019

Enabling strate­gies and imped­ing fac­tors to urban resilience implementation

Despite grow­ing inter­est in urban resilience, there is a sig­nif­i­cant gap between dis­course and the capac­i­ty to devel­op resilience in prac­tice. This scop­ing review assem­bles and shares evi­dence and insights from empir­i­cal stud­ies of attempts to imple­ment urban resilience pub­lished between 2005 and 2017. More pre­cise­ly, it seeks to iden­ti­fy enabling strate­gies, imped­ing fac­tors and trade‐offs in the imple­men­ta­tion of urban resilience. Find­ings are pre­sent­ed along the dimen­sions of urban resilience detailed in the City Resilience Frame­work (ARUP/​Rockefeller Foun­da­tion): Health and Well­be­ing, Econ­o­my and Soci­ety, Infra­struc­ture and Envi­ron­ment, and Lead­er­ship and Strat­e­gy (which we present as a cross‐cutting theme). While some enabling and imped­ing fac­tors in imple­men­ta­tion are asso­ci­at­ed with a spe­cif­ic dimen­sion, oth­ers are com­mon to all three. Across dimen­sions, we find that trans­par­ent, inclu­sive and sup­port­ive gov­er­nance reduces the risk of neg­a­tive impact that resilience imple­men­ta­tion will have on com­mu­ni­ties. Con­flict­ing pri­or­i­ties of man­ag­ing risk and meet­ing short‐term needs are found to dimin­ish the poten­tial for trans­for­ma­tive resilience action. Inte­grat­ing risk into plan­ning appears as a promis­ing strat­e­gy in all dimen­sions of resilience. Trade‐offs are found in resilience imple­men­ta­tion, and range from adverse effects asso­ci­at­ed with infra­struc­ture to pow­er imbal­ances when the pow­er to imple­ment resilience priv­i­leges one sys­tem lev­el over another.

Subject: Urban resilience implementation
Target audience: Researchers
Type of document: Article

Nov 26, 2019

Report, launched by the may­or of Lon­don, on strate­gic coor­di­na­tion for the Euro­pean Counter-Ter­ror­ism Pre­pared­ness Network

Pro­fes­sor Marie-Chris­tine Ther­rien and two Cité-ID researchers, Joris Arnaud and Julie-Maude Nor­mandin, con­tributed to the report on strate­gic coor­di­na­tion in the event of a ter­ror­ist attack. The report presents sci­en­tif­ic knowl­edge along with the strate­gic coor­di­na­tion ini­tia­tives of six Euro­pean cities, and offers a num­ber of rec­om­men­da­tions. The report was writ­ten in col­lab­o­ra­tion with four prac­ti­tion­ers spe­cial­ized in resilience and cri­sis man­age­ment: Stockholm’s chief resilience coor­di­na­tor, the chief of pol­i­cy in Stock­holm, as well as a man­ag­er and an employ­ee from the Lon­don Resilience Group.

Subject: Crisis Management, strategic coordination, Terrorism
Target audience: Researchers
Type of document: Report

Nov 7, 2019

Progress report on Phase I of the days of reflec­tion among dis­as­ter recov­ery actors in Québec

This report presents results of the three days of reflec­tion held in Spring 2019 on dis­as­ter recov­ery in Québec. They took place as part of an action-research pro­ject ini­ti­at­ed by the Québec Civ­il Secu­ri­ty Asso­ci­a­tion in part­ner­ship with the Québec Min­istry of Pub­lic Secu­ri­ty. Analy­sis of the results enabled three strate­gic direc­tions to be iden­ti­fied that will help increase post-dis­as­ter recov­ery capac­i­ties in Québec. The next phase of the action-research project, in Fall 2019, will cre­ate pro­to­types of recov­ery tools for each of these strate­gic directions.

In this report, we first present a sum­ma­ry of the process used in the project, then clar­i­fy the con­cep­tion of post-dis­as­ter recov­ery based on sci­en­tif­ic writ­ings. We then analyse the state of recov­ery capac­i­ties in Québec based on work­shops under­tak­en in the first phase of the project. This por­trait of the Québec con­text allows us to iden­ti­fy chal­lenges that, accord­ing to par­tic­i­pants, impede the devel­op­ment and imple­men­ta­tion of recov­ery tools, as well as levers that may enable progress. We then pro­pose an ana­lyt­i­cal frame­work around three major strate­gic direc­tions that responds to the need to improve recov­ery capac­i­ties in Québec. In time, this frame­work will guide the next phase of the project, that being the pro­to­typ­ing of con­crete tools to improve post-dis­as­ter recov­ery in Québec.

Subject: Recovery
Target audience: Practitioners, Researchers
Type of document: Report

Sep 26, 2019

Pub­lic gov­er­nance strat­e­gy as agile fore­sight for 5G imple­men­ta­tion” in the Euro­pean Pub­lic Mosa­ic review

Cities are com­plex socio-tech­ni­cal with inter­de­pen­dent sys­tems. The imple­men­ta­tion of 5G infra­struc­ture con­fronts them with a dis­rup­tive tech­nol­o­gy. We devel­op a con­cep­tu­al frame­work that con­sid­ers the mul­ti­ple issues and inter­ests involved in the deploy­ment of a 5G and its imple­men­ta­tion: dis­rup­tive tech­nol­o­gy, adap­tive gov­er­nance and pub­lic val­ue. These three streams pro­vide a mul­ti-lev­el pic­ture to bet­ter under­stand the dynam­ics of place in a munic­i­pal orga­ni­za­tion to proac­tive­ly think about the future man­age­ment of 5G and could be help­ful to build fore­sight in the imple­men­ta­tion of urban gov­er­nance mechanisms.

Subject: Artificial intelligence, Technology
Target audience: Researchers
Type of document: Chapter

Sep 26, 2019

Urban resilience imple­men­ta­tion: A pol­i­cy chal­lenge and research agen­da for the 21st cen­tu­ry’ in Jour­nal of Con­tin­gen­cies and Cri­sis Management

In this arti­cle pub­lished in the Jour­nal of Con­tin­gen­cies and Cri­sis Man­age­ment and co-authored by Jon Coaf­fee, Marie‐Christine Ther­rien, Loren­zo Chel­leri, Daniel Hen­stra, Daniel P. Aldrich, Car­rie L. Mitchell, Sasha Tsenko­va, we iden­ti­fy four research pri­or­i­ties to bet­ter under­stand and inform the imple­men­ta­tion of urban resilience. The inten­tion of this paper is to open up a new dia­logue and a research line where­by aca­d­e­mics prac­ti­tion­ers and pol­i­cy­mak­ers can learn from the expe­ri­ences of oth­ers and can col­lec­tive­ly advance resilience imple­men­ta­tion, in all its forms, at the city scale.

Subject: Implementation, Urban Resilience
Target audience: Researchers
Type of document: Article

Sep 26, 2019

Includ­ing qual­i­ty in Social net­work analy­sis to fos­ter dia­logue in urban resilience and adap­ta­tion poli­cies ’ in Envi­ron­men­tal Sci­ence & Policy

The capac­i­ties of orga­ni­za­tion­al actors increase when they are linked in net­work rela­tion­ships, espe­cial­ly when con­fronting com­plex prob­lems such as cli­mate change adap­ta­tion and the devel­op­ment of resilience. This Social Net­work Analy­sis (SNA) of orga­ni­za­tions work­ing on adap­ta­tion to cli­mate change and resilience on the ter­ri­to­ry of Mon­tréal was con­duct­ed to pro­vide insights into the imple­men­ta­tion of poli­cies in these areas. The analy­sis reveals a fair­ly uni­form net­work with orga­ni­za­tion­al links grav­i­tat­ing around two poles: one focused on local action and the oth­er on pol­i­cy design. The den­si­ty of rela­tion­ships is weak over­all, and there is medi­um cen­tral­iza­tion around the City of Mon­tréal. While cen­tral­iza­tion is ben­e­fi­cial for coor­di­na­tion, a struc­ture involv­ing more dis­tinct sub-net­works linked to cen­tral actors by bound­ary (bro­ker) orga­ni­za­tions would improve prospects for inno­va­tion and effi­cien­cy. Analy­sis of the qual­i­ty of rela­tion­ships high­lights impor­tant dif­fer­ences between what fos­ters good rela­tions in each of the poles, reduc­ing the chances that poli­cies devel­oped in the pol­i­cy-ori­ent­ed pole will be imple­ment­ed in the action-ori­ent­ed pole. Over­all, this study empha­sizes the rel­e­vance of net­work analy­sis in under­stand­ing prospects for pol­i­cy imple­men­ta­tion in com­plex areas such as resilience and cli­mate change adaptation.

Subject: Adaptation policies, Common operative picture, Network Analysis
Target audience: Practitioners, Researchers
Type of document: Article

Sep 24, 2019

The Def­i­n­i­tion of Urban Resilience: A Trans­for­ma­tion Path Towards Col­lab­o­ra­tive Urban Risk Gov­er­nance’ in Urban Resilience for Risk and Adap­ta­tion Governance

This chap­ter pub­lished in Urban Resilience for Risk and Adap­ta­tion Gov­er­nance and writ­ten by Julie-Maude Nor­mandin, Marie-Chris­tine Ther­rien, Mark Pelling and Shona Pat­ter­son, explain how resilience is pre­sent­ed in the lit­er­a­ture as, var­i­ous­ly, a par­a­digm change, a gov­er­nance mod­el to bet­ter man­age com­plex issues, and a des­ti­na­tion to reach. 

Also, we analyse how pub­lic man­agers and bureau­crats respon­si­ble for imple­men­ta­tion in Lon­don and Mon­tréal have inter­pret­ed and used resilience. Final­ly, we dis­cuss how par­a­digm change, gov­er­nance trans­for­ma­tion and goal attain­ment per­spec­tives end up con­verg­ing into a rel­a­tive­ly sim­i­lar mean­ing in both cities.

Subject: Governance model, Paradigm changement, Urban resilience
Target audience: Researchers
Type of document: Chapter

Aug 21, 2019

Report : Map of actors work­ing on adap­ta­tion to cli­mate change and resilience devel­op­ment in Montréal

How to orga­nize to adapt to cli­mate change and devel­op the resilience of the island of Montréal? 


Our team ana­lyzes the col­lab­o­ra­tion and coor­di­na­tion between 168 orga­ni­za­tions work­ing on these issues on the island’s ter­ri­to­ry. To bet­ter under­stand how this ecosys­tem works, please con­sult our report (Only in French ) pub­lished by Oura­nos this year as part of its Built Envi­ron­ment Pro­gram.

Subject: Adaptation to climate change, Collaboration, Governance, Network Analysis, Résilience urbaine
Target audience: Governments, Practitioners
Type of document: Report

Apr 26, 2018

Knowl­edge syn­the­sis on urban resilience imple­men­ta­tion — Work­ing paper

This knowl­edge syn­the­sis presents a review of empir­i­cal stud­ies iden­ti­fy­ing fac­tors that enable or impede urban resilience implementation.

Subject: Urban resilience implementation
Target audience: Practitioners, Researchers
Type of document: Report, Working paper

Apr 26, 2018

Knowl­edge syn­the­sis of the imple­men­ta­tion of urban resilience — Summary

This sum­ma­ry presents the key found­ings of a review of empir­i­cal stud­ies iden­ti­fy­ing fac­tors that enable or impede urban resilience implementation.

Subject: Urban resilience implementation
Target audience: Field organisations, Practitioners
Type of document: Summary

Apr 15, 2018

Work­shop on co-con­struc­tion of knowl­edge for the imple­men­ta­tion of urban resilience

This work­shop was help to ini­ti­ate a col­lab­o­ra­tion among researchers and prac­ti­tion­ers from var­i­ous domains, with the aim of devel­op­ing strate­gies to co-con­struct knowl­edge around urban resilience. The web­site includes pre­sen­ta­tions of the dif­fer­ent participants.

Subject: Urban resilience implementation
Target audience: Practitioners, Researchers
Type of document: Papers, Presentations

Apr 15, 2018

Poster : Map of actors work­ing on adap­ta­tion to cli­mate change and resilience devel­op­ment in Montréal

This poster was pre­sent­ed dur­ing the Oura­nos Sym­po­sium, Novem­ber 15 – 17 2017. It shows the results of the Social Net­work Analy­sis con­duct­ed on the net­work of actors work­ing on adap­ta­tion to cli­mate change and resilience devel­op­ment on the island of Montréal.

Subject: Case study
Target audience: Field organisations, Practitioners, Researchers
Type of document: Poster

Scientific publications

For more scientific publications on resilience, governance and crisis management, please refer to the list of Professor Marie-Christine Therrien’s publications at the following link: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Marie-Christine_Therrien