Within the Minister of Public Security’s (MPS) action plan for civil security related to floods (2018), the Civil Security Association of Québec (ASCQ) was made responsible for implementing Measure No. 22, which aims to document best practices in municipal civil security. To fulfill this mandate, the ASCQ partnered with the Cité-ID Living Lab to undertake a research-action project on post-disaster recovery.
Once the intervention phase is complete following a major event, the recovery period presents cities and municipalities with significant challenges. These local governments are expected to make decisions and take actions over the short and medium term to restore, and ideally improve, social, economic, physical and environmental conditions in the community. They are also expected to extract lessons that will help reduce risks in the event of future disasters.
In this project, the ASCQ, working with the Living-Lab, is supporting Québec municipalities and the Ministry to meet these challenges. The action research process mobilizes the knowledge of front-line practitioners and combines it with scientific knowledge on recovery. The project employs a highly interactive approach involving Cité-ID researchers and ASCQ members.
The following table depicts the desired impact of the project, its general objective, and the seven steps involved in the action research on recovery.
Seven steps of this action research :
1) Understand the challenges involved in recovery and their interaction, based on reflection and dialogue with stakeholders (civil security practitioners, experts and researchers).
2) Identify challenges considered priorities by these stakeholders.
3) Develop, based on practical and scientific knowledge, recovery mechanisms that respond to priority challenges. These mechanisms will take the form of prototypes.
4) Test the prototypes aiming to support development of the desired recovery mechanisms.
5) Recommend recovery mechanisms that have undergone testing in order to see them implemented.
6) Document the accompaniment process during recovery.
7) Produce a practical guide to transfer and disseminate project learning and ground best practices in field realities over the long term.
Accomplished using the Living-Lab approach, the recovery improvement project will unfold over 18 months (March 2019 to September 2020). It includes three co-construction workshops (Summer 2019, Fall 2019 and Winter 2020) that will bring stakeholders together. The project also includes periods of documentation, proposition and transfer.